Yoshinkan Glosssary

Ai; To meet; love; unity; harmony.
Ai-hanmi; To face one another in identical stance.
Bokken; A hard-wood sword, lethal in trained hands.
Budo; Literally ‘war arts’, but now means modern martial arts of Japan.
Dogi; Training suit or white pyjamas.
Dojo; A training hall. Also the name for the building complex which contains the training hall.
Gambatte; ‘Persevere’, shouted as encouragement.
Goshin waza; Self defence techniques.
Hayaku ukemi; Literally, fast breakfall, in other words, ‘the flips’, going from standing, up into the air and over, to land on the shoulder and arm.
Hijishime; Elbow lock
Ikkajo; 1st Control
Iriminage; Entering throw
Jiyu waza; Freestyle attack. One person is attacked repeatedly by one or more ukes. Helps build speed, timing and a sense of distance.
Jo; Four foot three inches long wooden poke stick.
Kancho; The word means ‘head of school’
Katate; Hand
Kenshu; Special study classes. More intensive than regular training.
Kohai; junior, measured from date of joining.
Koho ukemi; Back breakfall. Falling back on to the backside and breaking the fall with a slap of the hands.
Kotegaeshi; Wrist turning throw
Mune; Chest
Nage; Throw
Nikajo; 2nd Control
Osae; Lock
Ryote; Two hand
Sankajo; 3rd Control
Sempai; Senior, measured from date of joining dojo.
Sensei; Teacher.
Senshusei; Literally, a’specialist’. Used to describe anyone doing the Riot Police course, also referred to as the senshusei course.
Shidoin; An assistant instructor.
Shihonage; 4 directions throw
Shikko-ho; Knee walking.
Shite; The person who does technique on uke.
Shomen; Front
Suriashi; Sliding across mats without raising the feet. Harder than it looks.
Suwari Waza; Sitting technique
Tachi Waza; Standing technique
Tatami; Traditional woven rice straw mat on a wooden frame.
Tsuki; Punch
Uchi-deshi; Dojo disciple. Some uchi-deshi live in the dojo, others simply come every day as if to a job.
Uke; The person on whom a technique is performed.
Ukemi; A breakfall of any kind.
Ushiro; Behind
Ushiro Waza; Techniques done where the attacker comes form behind. Designed to build awareness.
Waza; A technique or techniques.
Yoko; Side
Yonkajo; 4th Control
Yoshinkan; Style of aikido practised by the author. Originated by Kancho Sensei. Means the place of cultivating the spirit.

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